Crataegus phaenopyrum

Washington Hawthorn


Washington Hawthorn is a low-branching native deciduous tree with a rounded crown.  Thorny stems hold serrated dark green foliage with shallow lobes that turn attractive shades of orange and red in fall.  Fragrant clusters of small white flowers bloom in late spring and are followed by  attractive red fall berries that persists through winter.  Prefers full sun and moist, well-drained soil.   Washington Hawthorn has good resistance to cedar-apple rust.

Crataegus phaenopyrum is a host plant for the Gray Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, and Viceroy butterflies.  




20' - 35'


20’ - 35'



USDA Hardiness Zone: 

3 - 8


Full SunPart Sun

Bloom Color: 


Season of Interest: 

Spring, Fall, Year-Round

MAINTENANCE NEEDS: Low MaintenanceFire blight, fungal leaf spots, powdery mildew, cankers and apple scab are occasional problems.  Insect pests include borers, caterpillars, lacebugs, leafminers and scale.

LANDSCAPE USES:  Accents or Group Plantings, Borders, Wildlife GardensUrban Gardens, and Shade Tree.

COMPANION PLANTS:  Fothergilla, Viburnum, Inkberry

IMAGES: Photoset by F. D. Richards: (1) Crataegus phaenopyrum (SE US Native) 2020 photo, (2) Crataegus phaenopyrum (SE US Native) 2019 photo, (3) Crataegus phaenopyrum (SE US Native) Photo: F.D.Richards, SE Michigan, 4/2021 - Washington Hawthorn, (4) Crataegus phaenopyrum, 2015, (2) Krzysztof Ziarnek, KenraizCrataegus phaenopyrum kz1CC BY-SA 4.0, (3) NadiatalentCrataegus phaenopyrum 4CC BY-SA 3.0, (4) Photo by David J. Stang, Crataegus phaenopyrum 6zzCC BY-SA 4.0

*As plants have ranges in appearance they may not appear as the images shown.